Venezuela is a signatory to international human rights treaties and the Yogyakarta Principles, obliging it to protect the rights of LGBTI persons. The Constitution of the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela stipulates equality before the law in Art. However, it fails to explicitly rule out discrimination based on gender identity or expression. The protective international and national legal framework rarely finds expression in Venezuela's organic law.
Attitudes towards LGBT in Venezuela? - Venezuela Forum - Tripadvisor
Venezuela's shrinking economy has sparked an exodus of LGBT people as the economic crisis has put the brakes on the country's growing tolerance toward its gay and trans community, activists Reuters. For years, Daniel Arzola endured homophobic abuse from his neighbors in Maracay, a city in the north of Venezuela. There are no official figures on the number of gay or trans migrants, but according to the United Nations' refugee agency, three million people have fled Venezuela, with the majority heading for neighboring Colombia. Over the past three years, the Venezuelan economy has shrunk by a third, resulting in what has been described as the worst economic crisis to hit the country in its history. The turmoil has pushed gay rights to the bottom of the pile of priorities, with funding for many organizations and resources either reduced or cut entirely, a number of LGBT Venezuelans told Reuters. Transgender people are also struggling to find food supplies because the Venezuelan government does not issue identity documents that recognize their gender identity. The economic crisis has also led to a spike in human trafficking, with trans people particularly at risk.
Illegal in some contexts. Sexual orientation only. Public Opinion History Homosexual activity in Venezuela?
Both male and female same-sex sexual activity is legal in Venezuela , but same-sex couples and households headed by same-sex couples are not eligible for the same legal protections available to opposite-sex married couples. Also, same-sex marriage and de facto unions are constitutionally banned since Homosexuality has never been punishable since Venezuelan independence, except under the "Vagrants and Thugs' law" Ley de vagos y maleantes pre-criminal behavior laws as in place in Europe and Latin America during the 20th century. In Venezuela, contrary to Spain, this law did not refer expressly to homosexuals. However, it was occasionally applied to homosexuals and transgender individuals engaged in prostitution, as well as sex workers in general as reported by Amnesty International.